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34 Customizing VMR Conversion

Another way in which different implementations differ is in the relative cost of operations. On machines without an integer multiply instruction, it may be desirable to convert multiplication by a constant into shifts and adds, while this is surely a bad idea on machines with hardware support for multiplication. Part of the tuning process for an implementation will be adding implementation dependent transforms and disabling undesirable standard transforms.

When practical, ICR transforms should be used instead of VMR generators, since transforms are more portable and less error-prone. Note that the Lisp code need not be implementation independent: it may contain all sorts of sub-primitives and similar stuff. Generally a function should be implemented using a transform instead of a VMR translator unless it cannot be implemented as a transform due to being totally evil or it is just as easy to implement as a translator because it is so simple.